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What happens to a person who commits fraud?

Tuesday, 31 October 2023
Fraud is a serious offence in Scotland, encompassing a wide range of deceptive activities that aim to obtain financial or other benefits through dishonest means. In this article, we will delve into the legal aspects surrounding fraud in Scotland, exploring the investigative process, the role of the procurator fiscal, court proceedings, and the potential consequences for those found guilty of committing fraud.
If you are under investigation for Fraud, it is crucial you reach out to a solicitor as soon as possible.

Reporting and Investigation of a Crime

When a crime is reported, the initial investigation is conducted by the police or other reporting agencies. If sufficient evidence is found, a report may be submitted to the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service (COPFS) for further consideration. The procurator fiscal, a prosecution lawyer working for COPFS, then assesses the evidence to determine the appropriate course of action in the public interest.

If the procurator fiscal deems that court proceedings are warranted, they will decide which court should handle the case. It is important to note that the investigation and reporting of fraud can occur through various channels, including Social Security Scotland, for benefit-related fraud.

Types of Fraud and Benefits in Scotland

In Scotland, fraud can take various forms, and it is essential to understand the specific types of fraud and benefits covered under Scottish law. Some common examples include:

  1. Identity Theft: This occurs when fraudsters gain access to personal information, such as names, addresses, and dates of birth, and use it without consent to obtain credit, make purchases, or commit other fraudulent activities.

  2. Investment Scams: Fraudsters entice individuals with false investment opportunities, promising high returns or exclusive schemes that do not actually exist. These scams often involve pressuring victims to make quick decisions, resulting in financial losses.

  3. Loan Scams: Fraudsters offer non-existent loans, requesting upfront fees or providing false explanations for the purpose of the fees. Victims who pay these fees never receive the promised loan and may also be at risk of further fraud.

  4. Pension Scams: Fraudsters target individuals with pension funds, offering false pension reviews or investment opportunities. They may claim to exploit legal loopholes to help individuals access their pensions before the eligible age, resulting in the potential loss of pension funds and tax liabilities.

  5. Prize Draw or Lottery Scams: Fraudsters deceive individuals by falsely claiming they have won a prize, often impersonating well-known organisations. They may request upfront fees, premium rate phone calls, or personal information, leading to financial losses and the misuse of personal data.

  6. Refund of Council Tax Schemes: Fraudsters contact individuals, falsely claiming they have been placed in the wrong council tax band and offering assistance in obtaining refunds. They may impersonate local councils or government agencies to deceive individuals into paying fees or disclosing personal information.

It is important to note that these are just a few examples of fraud in Scotland, and the list is not exhaustive. Each case will have its own unique circumstances and may involve additional factors.

The Investigation Process

If you believe you are under investigation for fraud, it is a matter of urgency, and you should contact your defence solicitor.  Contact us now on 0141 336 2020 or complete our online enquiry form.

When a crime is reported, the police or other reporting agencies initiate an investigation. They gather evidence through various means, such as interviews, surveillance, and analysis of available information. If there is sufficient evidence to suggest fraud, the case may be passed on to the procurator fiscal for further action. 

The procurator fiscal plays a crucial role in assessing the evidence and deciding how to proceed in the public interest. They consider the individual facts and circumstances of each case, ensuring that there is corroboration, which means evidence from at least two separate sources, to establish the commission of a crime and the involvement of the accused.

Court Proceedings and Verdict

If the procurator fiscal determines that court proceedings are appropriate, they will decide which court should handle the case. In Scotland, different courts have jurisdiction depending on the severity and nature of the offence. The High Court of Justiciary deals with the most serious cases, including rape and murder, while sheriff courts and justice of the peace courts handle other criminal cases.

During the trial, a judge, sheriff, justice of the peace, or jury, depending on the court, will hear all the evidence presented by the prosecution and defence. They will then reach a verdict, determining whether the accused person is guilty or not guilty.

If the accused person is found guilty, the judge, sheriff, or justice of the peace will consider appropriate sentencing, taking into account the severity of the offence, any aggravating factors, and the individual circumstances of the case. Sentences can range from fines to imprisonment, depending on the nature and seriousness of the fraud.

Consequences of Committing Fraud

Committing fraud in Scotland can have severe consequences. If found guilty, individuals may face imprisonment, fines, or both. The length of imprisonment and the amount of fines imposed depend on factors such as the nature of the fraud, the amount of financial loss involved, and any aggravating circumstances.

In the most serious cases, individuals can be sentenced to up to 5 years in prison. Additionally, individuals found guilty of fraud may experience long-term consequences, such as damage to their reputation, limitations on future employment opportunities, and difficulties in obtaining credit or financial services.


Fraud is a serious offence under Scottish law, encompassing various deceptive activities aimed at obtaining financial or other benefits through dishonest means. The investigation and prosecution of fraud involve multiple stages, including reporting the crime, gathering evidence, court proceedings, and the potential imposition of penalties upon conviction.

Contact our Criminal Defence Solicitors in Glasgow, Scotland

To ensure you get the best result, it is always best to work with defence solicitors who have experience with this complex area of the law, which our team has.

If you believe you are at risk of being charged with a criminal offence, don't hesitate to contact our team today 0141 336 2020 , or fill in our online contact form, and we will get back to you as soon as possible.



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